Accidental train in Odisha: Why do Indian trains go off the tracks?

Accidental train in Odisha: Why do Indian trains go off the tracks?


There are a lot of unanswered questions about the circumstances of the fatal multiple train collision that occurred in India on Friday evening. At least 288 people died and over 800 were injured.

Two express passenger trains and a freight train were involved in a “three-way accident” near a small Odisha station, according to reports. After colliding with the stationary freight train, one of their coaches flipped over onto a third track, causing an approaching train to derail. According to the preliminary report, the accident was caused by a signal failure.
A thorough investigation is the only way to determine the true nature of the incident. However, it has rekindled previous worries regarding the safety of India’s railways.

One of the biggest on the planet, India’s immense rail route framework ships roughly 25 million travelers everyday across a cross country organization of tracks that stretches out north of 100,000 kilometers (62,000 miles). Last year, approximately 5,200 kilometers of brand-new tracks were laid, as stated by Railway Minister Ashwini Vaishnaw. The clergyman additionally expressed that 8,000 kilometers of tracks were being redesigned yearly.

Mr. Vaishnaw revealed recently that the majority of the tracks were being upgraded to accommodate trains traveling at speeds of up to 100 kilometers per hour, a significant portion was being upgraded for speeds of up to 130 kilometers per hour, and a significant portion was being prepared for speeds of up to 160 kilometers per hour. The majority of the tracks were being upgraded for speeds of up to 130 kilometers per hour.

Clearly, this is a component of the government’s plan to speed up trains nationwide. A rapid line is being constructed independently between Mumbai, the monetary capital, and Ahmedabad, the city.

Notwithstanding, Vivek Sahai, a previous executive of the Railroad Board, expressed to me that wrecking keeps on being a “bogeyman for the rail routes.” There are a number of potential causes of a train accident, including “a mentor could be broken, a track could be poorly maintained, and there could be a mistake in driving.” An administration report on rail route wellbeing for 2019-20 observed that crashes were to be faulted for 70% of railroad mishaps, up from 68% the prior year. After that, train fires and collisions accounted for 14% and 8%, respectively, of all accidents).

During the year under audit, the report found 40 crashes including 33 traveler trains and seven cargo trains. 17 of these collisions were caused by “deserts” on the tracks, such as cracks and subsidence.

Only nine derailments were attributed to problems with trains’ engines, coaches, and wagons, according to the report.

Metal railway tracks expand in the summer and contract in the winter due to temperature fluctuations. They need to be maintained on a regular basis, which includes changing the sleepers, lubricating and adjusting the switches, and tightening up loose track components. This kind of track inspection is done with trolleys, locomotives, and rear vehicles.

Track-recording vehicles should carefully assess the underlying and mathematical trustworthiness of tracks designed to support speeds between 110 and 130 kilometers per hour at least once per regular intervals, according to India’s rail routes.

Government evaluators’ findings in a report on crashes between April 2017 and Walk 2021 were upsetting:

“shortfalls ranging from 30% to 100% in inspections” required to evaluate the geometrical and structural conditions of the tracks were found in track-recording cars, according to the report.
Two dozen “factors” were found to be capable in an examination of 1,129 crash examination reports.
The upkeep of the tracks was a major cause of crashes in 171 cases, followed by “deviation of track boundaries past reasonable cutoff points.”
Mechanical reasons were the reason for in excess of 180 crashes. Over a third of them were caused by defects in wagons and coaches.
“Bad driving and over-speeding” was another major factor in derailments.
The installation of anti-collision devices on Indian trains has been the subject of much discussion; However, according to a railway official, the system is only being installed on two major routes at the moment: the one among Delhi and Kolkata and the one among Delhi and Mumbai. Furthermore, it is muddled the way in which such a framework would have aided the occasion of a “freak” crash or wrecking. In West Bengal, a traveler train collided with an approaching cargo train in 2010 and killed more than 150 people. The Kolkata-Mumbai traveler train crashed, throwing five of its carriages into the path of approaching great trains, according to investigators, who claimed that Maoist rebels had damaged the track. The mishap on Friday has not yet given any indications of treachery.

The rail lines report that there were 34 “significant rail mishaps” in 2021-2022, up from 27 in the earlier year, including impacts, crashes, train flames or blasts, and street vehicles crashing into trains at level intersections. On May 31, the Hindu paper revealed that there would be 48 such mishaps in 2022 and 2023.
According to the report, the rail line specialists were concerned about the rise in accidents and had requested that their ranking director “basically break down long working long stretches of team particularly in East Coast Rail route and South East Focal Rail route, and make a restorative move earnestly.” On Friday evening, the accident occurred in the busy East Coast Railway zone.

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